Wat Chaiwatthanaram is a Buddhist temple located within the ancient city of Ayutthaya, Thailand. Identified by cultural historians as the structure most emblematic of Buddhism's influence on Thai society, the temple was commissioned in 1630 by King Prasat Thong in the traditional Khmer style.
Wat Chaiwatthanaram was deserted and subject to decay and looting until 1987 when the Thai Department of Fine Arts began conserving the site. In 1991, it was designated a World Heritage Site.
Situated atop a rectangular platform, a 35-meter-high central prang (tower-like spire) is surrounded by four small prangs, which are in turn flanked by eight chedi (stupa)-shaped chapels that sit outside the platform perimeter. Originally, paintings decorated the interior walls of the chedis, and relief scenes depicting the life of the Buddha covered the exteriors. Buddha statues once populated the chedis and the outer walls of the temple, painted vividly in gold and black, but fragments are all that remain of these decorative elements.